Long pepper/Filfil Daraz (فلفل دراز, پیپل پیپلی, مگھان) also called Indian long pepper, Pipli, Pippali and Piper Longum is a flowering vine. It is a fragrant plant which has soft stem that climbs on other plants or spread on ground. Its branches are thin and hairy. It bears dark green colour leaves which are soft, smooth, glossy, 2-4 inch long and 1-2 inch wide and heart-shaped leaves. It looks similar as the pan leaves. They are alternatively arranged and has pointed tips. The leaves have very prominent veins. It bears flowers which are unisex; consisting of both male and female flowers. As other peppers, the plant bears berries which are long and shapes like elephant trunk. It has same size as a match stick. When unripe the fruit is green and turns light red when ripe and dark dusty when dried.
The whole plant is usable especially its berries and the roots. The root contains piperine, steroids, glycosides, piplartine and piperlongumine. It is bitter, hot and warm in nature. Long pepper has multi use; some of them are listed below.
Uses of Long Pepper:
Long pepper is very useful and beneficial, yet it accompanies certain side-effects with it; some of them are listed below;
The information is for educational purposes only. This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.